Modeling of historical evolution of salt water distribution in the phreatic aquifer in and around the silted up Zwin estuary mouth (Flanders, Belgium)
Lebbe, L.; Jonckheere, S.; Vandenbohede, A. (2008). Modeling of historical evolution of salt water distribution in the phreatic aquifer in and around the silted up Zwin estuary mouth (Flanders, Belgium), in: Proceedings of the SWIM 20: 20th Salt Water Intrusion Meeting. June 23-27, 2008. Naples, Florida, USA. pp. 141-144
The evolution of the salt-water distribution around the Zwin estuary mouth is modeled for a period of about five centuries. The modeled area is situated in the Flemisch coastal plain near the border of The Netherlands and Belgium. The Zwin estuary is the former waterway to the medieval seaports of Bruges and Damme. During the considered period this alluvial estuary silted up and the modeled area changes from an area around a tidal channel, over a mud flat to a rather complex polder dune area. The evolution is simulated by the 3D density depended groundwater flow model MOCDENS3D (Lebbe & Oude Essink, 1999). The row direction of the applied finite-difference grid is parallel to the present coast line. The simulation is based on old paintings and a large number of maps which allow a relatively detailed reconstruction of the evolution of the landscape. The results show the historical evolution of a large number of different inverse density problems in this area.
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