|Transport and water quality modelling in the southern North Sea in relation to coastal pollution research and control|van Pagee, J.A.; Gerritsen, H.; de Ruijter, W.P.M. (1986). Transport and water quality modelling in the southern North Sea in relation to coastal pollution research and control. Wat. Sci. Tech. 18(4-5): 245-256. https://dx.doi.org/10.2166/wst.1986.0200
In: Water Science and Technology. IWA Publishing: Oxford. ISSN 0273-1223; e-ISSN 1996-9732, meer
Water quality modelling, nutrients, heavy metals, coastal pollution, southern North Sea
|Auteurs|| || Top |
- van Pagee, J.A., meer
- Gerritsen, H., meer
- de Ruijter, W.P.M.
Mathematical modelling techniques are used to quantify the transport in the southern part of the North Sea of pollutants originating from various inputs. Special attention was given to the anthropogenic increase in local concentrations of nutrients (N, P) and heavy metals (Cd, Hg, Cu, Pb, Zn, Cr) and their potential impact on marine organisms.A depth-averaged hydrodynamic model is used to calculate tidal and wind driven velocities and water levels. By averaging, residual flows are calculated, forming the basis for advective transports in a water quality model. Dispersive transports are derived from a comparison of simulated and observed salinity distributions. Water mass distributions and age functions for various inflowing water types are determined with the model. Transports of nutrients and heavy metals in the southern part of the North Sea are calculated using annual pollution inputs for 1980. Although interactions with bottom sediments are not considered, the calculated and measured concentrations show good similarities.The water quality in the Dutch coastal zone and German Bight area is shown to be highly determined by local pollution loads from the rivers Rhine, Weser and Elbe respectively. Comparison of simulated concentrations for 1980 with those resulting from simulations with estimated natural river inputs, shows that more than 50% of nutrients and heavy metal concentrations originate from human activities in large coastal zone areas. From toxicological information and standards, it is concluded that Cd, Hg and Cu are substances that need special attention in pollution research and control for the Dutch coastal waters.